Narwhal – the ocean’s real life unicorn

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Narhwals are cousins of the beluga whales but with a big tusk. Narwhals usually live in groups. They can stay underwater for 20 minutes. The narwhal tusk is made for fighting but some scientists think that it is made for impressing or attracting females. You can easily tell who is a female and who is male. The difference is that the male has a bigger tusk and the female has a smaller or no tusk. The tusk is not a horn but it is actually a tooth that is connected to the skull. In one year, there are 500 narwhals with 2 tusks.  Scientists are not sure why they have 2 tusks.

Written by JY age 7, Toronto

Where do they live?: Arctic circle and South Pole
What do they eat?  squid, Greenland halibut, shrimp, Arctic cod, rockfish, flounder, and crab
How big are they? 4 to 9 m (not including the tusk), 1 to 1.4 tons (as much as a car!)
How long do they live? 30-40 years
What is its creature power?  The amazing tusk

Fun Facts:

  • The narwhal’s tusk is actually a very long tooth.
  • The tusk is hollow, spiral and grows up to 3 meters long and can weigh up 10kg!
  • Narwhal’s skin is rich in Vitamin C
  • Narwhals change color with age – newborns are blue-gray, young are blue-black, adults are mottled gray and old narwhals are nearly all white.

Watch a video about the Narwhal: 

National Geographic:

Wild Kratts: Mystery of the two horned Narwhal

Activities and Crafts:

Coloring book (narwhal)

Coloring book (narwhal)

Learn more about the Narwhal

National Geographic Kids: Narwhal
World wildlife fund: Narwhal
WWF: Narwhal tracker
NOAA Fisheries: Narwhal Whales

Books and Stories to read:




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